Ukrainian karbovanets

 


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Show More Popular With Women. Ads by Traffic Junky. Autoplay Next Video On Off. Today Kerch is considered as a city of metallurgists , shipbuilders and fishermen, and also has a significant tourism sector. Construction-materials, food processing, and light industries play a significant role in the city's economy. Kerch is also a fishing fleet base and an important processing centre for numerous fish products. Because of its location on the shores of the Azov and Black seas, Kerch became a popular summer resort among people of the former USSR.

Also, several mud-cure sources are located near the city. Despite the seaside location, the tourist appeal of Kerch today is limited because of the industrial character of the city and associated pollution. Despite the lack of beaches in the town's area, there are a lot of them at a distance of 20 minutes' travel by bus, train or taxi. Kerch has a number of impressive architectural and historical monuments. Ancient historical heritage of the city makes it attractive for scientific tourism.

The most notable of Kerch's sights are:. Kerch has a harbour on the Kerch Strait, which makes it a key to the Sea of Azov , several railroad terminals and a small airport. Bus network connects Kerch to other cities in Crimea and Krasnodar Krai. In January , with Russia now in control, the contract for the construction of the bridge was awarded to Arkady Rotenberg 's S. In May construction commenced, and the road section of the bridge was opened to traffic in May , with the rail section expected to be opened in Archaeological digs in Kerch were launched under Russian auspices in the middle of the 19th century.

Since then the site of ancient Panticapaeum city on Mount Mithridat has been systematically excavated. Located nearby are several ancient burial mounds kurgans and excavated cities. Treasures and historical findings of Kerch adorn the collections of major museums around the world. Currently, excavations at ancient fortresses of Kerch are led by scientists from Russia, Ukraine, and Poland. A minor planet Kerch discovered in by Soviet astronomer Tamara Mikhailovna Smirnova is named after the city.

Edit Read in another language Kerch. For the strait between Europe and Asia, see Bosphorus. For places in Iran, see Kerch, Iran disambiguation. Ancient times Edit Archeological digs at Mayak village near the city ascertained that the area had already been inhabited in 17th—15th centuries BC.

Industry Edit The largest enterprises in the city are: Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 4, Kerch Meaning of Greek name? Foundation of the Hellenic World. The East European Pattern. Where the Iron Crosses Grow. Retrieved 11 December Retrieved 29 November But they were never issued only some specimen copies are known.

On November 20, , the Directorial Government was disbanded by S. Petlyura's edict and its provision of currency ended. It represented Soviet Russia in its war against the Ukrainian Directorate.

By Lenin's direction Russia financed the pro-Soviet government. However, a period of unprecedented inflation was triggered by the Civil War and resulted in a sharp deficit of circulating money, especially petty bank-notes. The Soviet bank-note differed from the Directorate's in paper, ink, water-marks, and the location of their series and numbers. One more bank-note of 50 karbovanets with Soviet symbolics was printed. On June 1, , the Ukraine united with the Soviet governments of Russia , Lithuania , Latvia , and Belarus in a common revolutionary front, and only one monetary unit was legitimized — the ruble of the USSR.

The necessity of printing separate bank-notes was gone, and the karbovanets bank-note is known only by some specimen copies. The karbovanets replaced the Soviet ruble at par and was in circulation between and In November , with the collapse of the Soviet planned economy , the Ukrainian SSR introduced one-time coupons, which were distributed to Ukrainian residents.

The coupons were needed in addition to rubles in order to buy groceries and living essentials. When the hryvnia was introduced in , a day period was in effect from September 2—16, , during which both the karbovanets and hryvnia were in circulation. The use of the karbovanets for all kinds of payments stopped completely after September and the only accepted currency after was the hryvnia. These were followed in by State Treasury notes for 25 and 50 karbovantsiv.

That year also saw the issue of postage stamp currency denominated in shah and various bonds, together with state credit notes in denominations of 2, 10, , , 1, and 2, hryven.

The Directorate issued notes for , and karbovanets in , followed by 10 and 25 karbovanets in State notes for 5, 50 and 1, hryven were issued in Banknotes were introduced in June in denominations of 1, 5, 10, 20, 50, , and karbovanets.

The banknotes were in dark colour, carrying nearly all inscriptions in German, and a warning in both German and Ukrainian stating "falsification of banknotes is punished by imprisoning". The obverse of the notes all featured a portrait, including children, a peasant, a miner, a seaman and a chemist. The Nazi Reichsadler also appeared. In , notes were introduced in denominations of 1, 3, 5, 10, 25, 50, and karbovanets also called kupons [4] or coupons.

All banknotes were of the same design, picturing Lybid from the monument of the founders of Kyiv on the obverse, and the Sophia Cathedral on reverse. The banknotes did not carry individual serial numbers or signatures. In , banknotes for , , , 1, karbovanets were issued, which carried serial numbers and were better protected to counterfeiting.

In , banknotes for and karbovanets were issued. Having similar design as banknotes, they were the first to carry the Coat of arms of Ukraine. In the same year, notes for 10,, 20,, 50,, , karbovanets were also introduced into circulation, which were bigger in size and pictured the Volodymyr Monument on the obverse and the Kiev Opera on reverse. Subsequently, banknotes for , and , karbovanets were introduced in , followed by 1,, karbovanets banknote in , which pictured Taras Shevchenko Monument in Kiev.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Currencies of post-Soviet states. Chechen naxar unrecognized Estonian kroon Georgian kupon lari Latvian rublis Latvian lats Lithuanian litas Lithuanian talonas Moldovan cupon Soviet ruble Tajikistani ruble Ukrainian karbovanets. Retrieved from " https: